The implementation of a set of state support measures had a positive effect on the development of gardening in Dagestan.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of Dagestan began to provide substantial state support in the form of subsidizing the costs of planting and caring for young perennial rootstocks before they become fruitful, as well as taking the old, unproductive orchards out of operating process. As a result, there has been a positive developmental trend – interest of investors in the industry has increased, and there has also been a steady growth in the total area of young gardens, including modern, highly productive, intensive and super-intensive type gardens.
“In 2015-2018, the orchards were laid on an area of more than 6,000 hectares, including more than 2,000 hectares of intensive type gardens,” said Shamil Abdurazakov, a specialist in the gardening development department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of Dagestan. “Gardeners of the republic achieved high rates of laying the young rootocks last year as well. It should be noted that the favorable weather conditions of this winter allowed us to work until the New Year holidays.
According to the results of 2018, young orchards were laid in the farms of all categories on an area of 1,450 hectares, in the farms of legal forms of management the foundation was laid on 1,220 hectares, of which 650 hectares are intensive-type gardens.
In recent years, a number of large investment projects have been realised in the republic. In particular, from 2012 the SEC “Vozrozhdeniye” of the Magaramkentsky district has been laying gardens on an area of more than 700 hectares, about a third of them of an intensive type. KFH “Russia” in Kaytagsky district laid intensive gardens on an area of 155 hectares. In 2017 Agrofirm Kulzeb of Kizilyurt district in 2017 laid 117 hectares of intensive gardens, and another 76 hectares in 2018. Intensive gardens were laid on the area of 114 hectares in the SEC “Khuchadinsky” of the Shamil district.
Ambitious projects are also being implemented in the Suleiman-Stalsky district – in 2015 LLC “Chlar” laid 75 hectares of traditional gardens, and LLC “Palasa” from 2016 to 2018 was in the process of laying a superintensive garden on an area of 60 hectares. Gardeners of the region are not going to stop at what has been accomplished – the district governance has set the task of implementing the Stalsky Gardens project, which will lay up to 1000 hectares of highly productive gardens using the most modern technologies.
Another large investment project is being implemented in the village of Dzhepel, Magaramkentsky District, as KFH “Sad” is working on laying a superintensive garden on an area of 140 hectares.
The results achieved in recent years demonstrate that, along with increasing production volumes, it is important to also address the organization of processing, storage, pre-sale preparation of cultivated products, as well as building optimal logistic schemes for bringing fruits to the final consumer. The plans of the initiators of large-scale projects for laying gardens also include construction of modern fruit storage facilities in the Magaramkentsky, Suleiman-Stalsky and Kizilyurt areas.
“Taking into account the significantly increased investor interest in the horticulture industry, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry is working to increase the effectiveness of state support measures and to provide funding for the production at the required level”, said Mr. Abdurazakov at the end of the conversation.