Our apples occupy larger markets every year. There are those who present an imported product full of chemicals as ours. The patent will protect our producers. Now only those apples which were grown on the land of the Krasnodar region can be called Kuban Apples.
“Kuban apple is different from the average European fruit. It is much tastier! It is more strongly colored in comparison with the Polish apple, less chemicalized. Amount of processors and residual chemicals in our apples is much lower. “- said Vladimir Grishko, Senior Consultant of the Department of Horticulture in the Ministry of Agriculture of the Krasnodar Territory.
Experts say that Russia will be able to fully provide itself with apples in ten years’ time. Great expectations in this regard are of the Kuban region – the horticulture leader.
The situation with the sanctions has played into the hands of our producers. Gardeners hope that they will continue to act in the near future. During the sanctions agriculture has grown in many areas. Specifically the orchards were restored to the pre-crisis level. Industrial horticulture produces 400 thousand tonnes, of which 70% goes beyond the region, 30% (120 thousand tons) remains in the Kuban.
In 2018 for the first time in 30 years in the Kuban region gardeners have collected a record harvest – 514 thousand tons of fruits and berries. Last year 2.5 thousand hectares of new orchards were laid, mainly of the intensive type. In total, 30 thousand hectares are occupied by fruit crops. The structure of the Kuban gardening is such that 90% are occupied by apple trees. Generally, this number consists of valuable winter varieties, which, in modern storage facilities, can be stored until May and July next year.
Kuban is different from other regions, because, in addition to the production of apples, there is also production of stone fruits, such as cherry, apricots, peaches, plums. On the coast of the region subtropical crops are being grown – persimmon, feijoa and even kiwi and citrus fruits. In the Kuban region nuts (walnuts and hazelnuts) are actively being grown and tea plantations are being restored.
Intensive gardens are being laid more and more often. They are less dependent on natural factors, because of the modern technology used there. We are talking about drip irrigation, fertigation, and hale protection. All this does not allow the birds and natural phenomena to damage the fruit. As a result, gardens give greater yield per unit area. Crop ripens earlier, and, respectively, the investment pays off earlier. All Kuban districts are involved in the development of gardening. Among the leaders are districts such as Slavinskiy, Abinskiy, Leningrad, Dinskoy, Novopokrovskiy and New Kuban areas. The more gardens are laid, the more fruits need to be stored. Today, the region has a storage capacity of up to 223,000 tons. Winter apples are stored almost until next year’s harvest. Industrial enterprises in the near future plan to build more storage facilities with the capacity of 110 thousand tons. After that, we will have enough capacity to store and export products outside the region not only in the high season, but throughout the entire year.